Publications -- Reports / Studies
New Report -- Portrait of Promise: The California Statewide Plan to Promote Health and Mental Health Equity
AUG 28, 2015 | View: Report | Source: Office of Health Equity, California Department of Public Health
In this this document, the California Statewide Plan to Promote Health and Mental Health Equity (“Plan”), we present background and evidence on the root causes and consequences of health inequities in California. We explore and illustrate how a broad range of socioeconomic forces, including income security, education and child development, housing, transportation, health care access, environmental quality, and other factors, shape the health of entire communities — especially vulnerable and underserved communities — resulting in preventable health inequities for specific populations. With a better, data-based understanding of the causes and consequences of health inequities, Californians will be better prepared to take the steps necessary for promoting health across California’s diverse communities and building on the great strengths that our diverse population brings.
The Plan is intended to illuminate the scope of the health equity challenge with compelling data and narrative. It makes the case that health is a basic human right, that health inequity is a moral and financial issue, and that health equity is in everyone’s best interest. It also provides a brief summary of the most pervasive social determinants of health, and it offers examples of programs, policies, and practices that have begun to make a difference in the state’s most vulnerable communities.
Fresh Data on ACA 411 Show Impact of Health Reform in California
2014 Numbers Illuminate How Access to Care Is Changing
AUG 26, 2015 | View: Data | Source: California Healthcare Foundation
The California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF) has updated its ACA 411 interactive web tool with new survey data to track the impact of the Affordable Care Act on insurance coverage, access to health care services, and affordability in California in 2014. The numbers suggest improvements in access to care, including that the uninsured rate is at a new low and fewer Californians are delaying or skipping necessary medical care. ACA 411 makes it easy to compare data and see trends.
The tool, developed by CHCF and The State Health Access Data Assistance Center at the University of Minnesota, features more than 50 indicators of access, cost, and affordability and now includes the most recent data from the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS), the consumer opinion survey administered by UCLA.
Among the key findings from the 2014 data:
- The number of Californians under 65 without insurance dropped 12%, falling from 16% of the population in 2013 to 14% in 2014.
- Uninsured rates declined notably among people living below 138% of FPG and among African Americans.
- The share of the California population ages 18 to 64 enrolled in Medi-Cal rose 52%.
- The proportion of uninsured Californians reporting cost as the reason for lacking coverage fell from 53% to 43%, though lack of affordability remains the most common reason cited for going without insurance.
Information from ACA 411 can be readily exported and shared, and CHCF will add new data as they are available to track how health reform is changing health care for Californians. ACA 411 is designed to help policymakers and stakeholders understand the ACA's impact in California, identify areas for further investigation, and inform policy choices.
New 50 State Survey of Dementia Training Requirements
AUG 24, 2015 | View: Survey Findings | Source: Justice in Aging
With more than 5 million people living with Alzheimer’s and other dementias, there’s a growing need for robust training standards for health care professionals in the special needs of people with cognitive impairment. For example, though 64% of nursing home residents have dementia, only 23 states have laws prescribing training requirements for direct care staff in nursing homes and, of those, only one state requires staff to pass competency examinations. Only ten states require dementia training for law enforcement.
These are among the findings of an in-depth 50-state survey of statutes and regulations that Justice in Aging conducted with the support of the Alzheimer’s Association. We looked at dementia training requirements for professionals in a variety of health care and community settings and found wide variation among states in both the amount and the content of required training. We compiled our findings in a five-paper series, Training to Serve People with Dementia: Is our Health Care System Ready?
So advocates can easily find whether their state has standards in each area, Papers 2 through 4 include detailed tables of state laws and regulations in each category, complete with full citations.
We also presented a webinar outlining the major findings of the study and offering an initial roadmap for advocates working to address training gaps. You can view it on our Vimeo channel.
How Consumers Find Information About Prescription Coverage
AUG 19, 2015 | View: Report | Source: California Healthcare Foundation
When shopping for health plans, consumers face many challenges in finding information on prescription drug benefits. Publicly posted formularies are often difficult to navigate due to lack of standardization, may be presented in arcane terminology, provide incomplete and inaccurate information, and frequently are not available in languages other than English.
Hidden From View: How Consumers Find Information About Prescription Coverage provides insight into the consumer experience of accessing prescription drug coverage information, pinpoints consumer priorities and preferences for display of relevant benefit information, and identifies opportunities for making benefit information more accessible and easy to comprehend. Consumer input yielded many recommendations for making prescription drug benefit information easier to find and use.
The key findings and recommendations are:
- The affordability of monthly premiums and other out-of-pocket costs, along with physician selection, trumped questions about drug cost and coverage, even for consumers with significant prescription drug requirements.
- In general, respondents were not familiar with many of the terms used routinely in prescription benefit information, such as "formulary," "tier," "co-insurance," and "preferred." Consumers want materials written in more common, accessible language.
- There was little awareness of the exceptions or appeals process for obtaining needed medications not listed on a plan's formulary. Those seeking this information had difficulty finding it.
- Respondents, including Spanish-speakers who reported being comfortable reading English, said drug information, such as formularies, should be available in Spanish and other languages.
- All consumers, counselors, and agents reported that an interactive, online tool that provides drug cost and coverage information by plan would improve consumer decisionmaking.
Information from ACA 411 can be readily exported and shared, and CHCF will add new data as they are available to track how health reform is changing health care for Californians. ACA 411 is designed to help policymakers and stakeholders understand the ACA's impact in California, identify areas for further investigation, and inform policy choices.
Planning for California's Growing Senior Population
AUG 2015 | View: Report | Source: Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC)
California’s senior population is entering a period of rapid growth. By 2030, as the Baby Boom generation reaches retirement age, the over-65 population will grow by four million people. It will also become much more racially and ethnically diverse, with the fastest growth among Latinos and Asians. Many more seniors are likely to be single and/or childless -- suggesting an increased number of people living alone. All of these changes will have a significant impact on senior support services.
As California Ages, Will There Be Enough Beds and Services?
New Reports Explore Health Service Capacity
AUG 2015 | View Reports: Beds for Boomers / California Hospitals | Source: California Health Care Almanac from the California Healthcare Foundation (CHCF)
With the aging of the baby boomer generation and gains in life expectancy, California's senior population is projected to more than
double by 2040. Because seniors use more health care services than other age groups, there are concerns about the capacity of the
health care system to accommodate their needs. Two new publications from CHCF's California Health Care Almanac examine supply and
demand from different perspectives. Below are highlights from each report.
Beds for Boomers: Will California's Supply of Services Meet Senior Demand? focuses on the projected need for services.
- Nearly two-thirds of California seniors had two or more chronic conditions in 2012.
- Californians over age 65 use acute care hospital days at rates up to four times more than younger people. However, since 2008, acute care days used by seniors have declined despite growth in this population.
- Acute care days are projected to increase by nearly 50% by 2040 if current usage remains steady. Overall, California's 2013 supply of licensed acute care beds is sufficient to meet this projected demand.
California Hospitals: An Evolving Environment focuses on the existing supply of various types of beds in general acute care hospitals.
- Skilled nursing and acute psychiatric beds declined significantly from 2004 to 2013, while both adult and newborn intensive care beds increased. During that decade, the number of general acute care hospitals fell by 4% while the number of beds remained largely unchanged.
- The eight largest hospital systems accounted for 40% of hospitals and beds in California.
- California hospitals performed slightly below the US average on eight patient satisfaction measures.
Note that the statistics between the two reports may differ due to the sets of hospitals covered. These reports are published as part of the CHCF California Health Care Almanac, an online clearinghouse for key data and analysis examining California's health care marketplace. Find all Almanac reports at www.chcf.org/almanac.
The Dual Eligible Demonstrations at Five: Justice in Aging Toolkit on Design and Implementation
JUL 28, 2015 | View: Outreach and Enrollment Materials in States Implementing a Demonstration | Source: Justice in Aging
On Thursday, we’ll celebrate the 50th anniversary of the day that two of the most successful anti-poverty programs became law: Medicare and Medicaid. Today, over 10 million low-income individuals, known as dual eligibles, receive care and services under both programs. In 2010, under a provision of The Affordable Care Act (Pub. Law 111-148, Section 2602), the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) created a new office to focus exclusively coordinating the two programs. The new entity, the Medicare-Medicaid Coordination Office, began working with states across the country to better align Medicare and Medicaid benefits through state-run dual eligible demonstrations.
Five years later, states and CMS are in the early stages of evaluating the demonstrations and also looking at mid-course corrections and improvements based on experiences to-date. At the same time, advocates and policymakers are contemplating future health care delivery system reforms, as part of a broader reform effort to pay for value and outcomes, instead of volume.
To contribute to these efforts, Justice in Aging has created a toolkit of design and implementation resources. The toolkit consists of:
- A new tool for advocates comparing different state outreach and enrollment materials to highlight effective models to use when reaching vulnerable populations. The new tool includes two appendices: Appendix 1, a working chart with links to outreach materials in different states. Appendix 2, accessible from the Outreach and Notices tab on this page, includes examples of notices currently in use in states, and our comments on strengths and areas of improvement.
- Resources on appeals procedures, designing enrollment notices, care continuity, and ensuring consumer protections in integrated models. These resources were developed earlier by Justice in Aging to influence the demonstration’s design to ensure consumer protections were a focus of new managed care delivery systems. They are assembled together for the toolkit and linked from this page.
20 Common Nursing Home Problems and How to Resolve Them
JUL 2015 | Request Report (Free) | Source: Justice in Aging
Can a nursing home deny needed therapy services? Evict a resident for being “difficult”? Limit family members and friends to specified “visiting hours”?
Many common nursing home practices are, in fact, illegal. In order to receive the best possible quality of care, a resident or resident’s family member should be familiar with the protections of the federal Nursing Home Reform Law, and understand how to use the law effectively.
That’s why Justice in Aging wrote a practical and widely-used consumer guide, 20 Common Nursing Home Problems and How to Resolve Them. The new version is completely updated and boasts a reader-friendly new design.
Valuing the Invaluable: 2015 Update
Undeniable Progress, but Big Gaps Remain
JUL 2015 | View: Report | Source: AARP Public Policy Institute
This report highlights the growing importance of family caregiving on the public policy agenda. It lists key policy developments for family caregivers since the last Valuing the Invaluable report was released in 2011. Finally, the report recommends ways to better recognize and explicitly support caregiving families through public policies, private sector initiatives, and research.
Medi-Cal Versus Employer-Based Coverage: Comparing Access to Care
JUL 2015 | View: Report | Source: The California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
This report takes a close look at access to care under Medi-Cal for nonelderly adults and children on the eve of ACA implementation. Using data from 2012 and 2013 California Health Interview Surveys (CHIS), the research examines a total of 45 measures (41 on realized and potential access and 4 on health status and health behaviors) for nonelderly adults and 31 measures (28 on realized and potential access and 3 on health status and behaviors) for children.
Medi-Cal Versus Medicaid in Other States: Comparing Access to Care
JUL 2015 | View: Report | Source: The California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
This report examines access to care under the Medi-Cal program for children and nonelderly adults, using data from the 2011 and 2012 National Health Interview Study (NHIS). It compares access under Medi-Cal to that under Medicaid programs in other states, where Medi-Cal/Medicaid includes Medicaid, the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), and other state-funded public programs. There are separate analyses for adults age 19 to 64 and for children 0 to 18.
Report: Stories from LGBT Older Adults in Long-Term Care Facilities
JUN 29, 2015 | View: Report / Accompanying Video | Source: Justice in Aging | LGBT Senior Long Term Care Bill of Rights | Source: San Francisco Board of Supervisors
Imagine being out and proud all of your adult life and then moving into a long-term care facility and having to go back into the closet because you don’t feel safe coming out to staff and other residents. Imagine being dismissed and disrespected when you advocate strongly for the rights of your same-sex companion while she’s being cared for in a nursing home. Imagine feeling like you have to endure homophobic comments from a personal care worker assigned to you because you’re afraid of how he’ll treat you if you speak up.
These anecdotes are not only true; they’re common experiences for LGBT older adults. And they’re all in our ground-breaking report, LGBT Older Adults in Long-Term Care Facilities: Stories from the Field. Published in 2010, the report is still making waves in policy circles. In honor of Pride 2015, we’re re-releasing a fresh version of the report for those who may have missed it, along with its accompanying video.
We’re proud that our report was the impetus for the San Francisco Board of Supervisors recent unanimous approval of an LGBT Senior Long Term Care Bill of Rights – the very first of its kind in the nation. We hope that other cities use San Francisco’s ordinance as a model to ensure LGBT seniors have the right to be safe and treated with dignity in every long-term care facility. That’s why we’re re-releasing the report now.
As we celebrate the Supreme Court ruling on June 26 for marriage equality for same-sex couples across the nation, we recognize what a huge step this is for LGBT older adults. At the same time, we know that we must remain committed to fighting the discriminatory practices that linger in the system.
Regulatory Review of Adult Day Services: Final Report, 2014 Edition
DEC 2014 | View: Full Report / California | Source: Office of The Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)
Adult day services (ADS)--a non-residential service provided outside an individual's home for less than a full day--provides direct care to older adults and younger adults with physical disabilities. These services also meet caregivers' need for respite in order to work, fulfill other obligations, and recover from the demands of continuous caregiving.
Many caregivers who use ADS are providing care to family members with dementia who need constant supervision to ensure their safety. By providing respite to unpaid caregivers, ADS can potentially delay or prevent nursing home placement.
This report provides information about each state's approach to regulating this key community service.
Understanding Medi-Cal High-Cost Populations
JUN 9, 2015 | View Documents/Recording: High Utilizers of Medi-Cal Services / Infographic: Medi-Cal by the Numbers High-Use High Cost | Source: California Healthcare Foundation (CHCF)
California's government collects vast amounts of clinical and cost data about the care it provides to the 12 million people enrolled in Medi-Cal, the nation's largest Medicaid program.
Aggregating and analyzing this data, which is spread across multiple departments, is a key to understanding the Medi-Cal population, identifying opportunities to improve health care and outcomes, and managing public spending. Document downloads include:
- Slides – Understanding Medi-Cal High Utilizers (Kizer and Watkins)
- Slides – Understanding Medi-Cal High-Cost Populations (Watkins)
- Slides – Improving Service Delivery for High Need Medicaid Clients in Washington State (Mancuso)
- Slides – Integrated Care Models and Outcomes for Clients with Co-Morbid Conditions (Innes-Gomberg)
- Slides – Long-Term Services and Supports: Shaping the Delivery System (Schupp)
- Slides – Using Data to Improve Care: Perspectives on Long-Term Services and Supports (Steenhausen)
- Slides – Keynote and Demonstration of Washington State’s Predictive Risk Intelligence System (PRISM) (Mancuso)
ADA at 25: Aging Advocates Celebrate Partnership And Progress
JUN 2015 | View: Issue Brief | Source: Justice in Aging
This paper will provide aging advocates with some background on the ADA and outline four key areas where the ADA continues to shape the environment, care, and services for older adults. As aging and disability advocates continue to partner to advance policy, it’s important to remember how much the ADA accomplished in just twenty-five years.
Advocates Guide to California's Coordinated Care Initiative Version 4
JUN 2015 | View: Advocate's Guide, Version 4 | Source: Justice in Aging
Justice in Aging created an Advocates Guide to California's Coordinated Care Initiative to help advocates understand the extensive changes occurring under the CCI. Today, Justice in Aging released Version Four of the Guide, which:
- Describes the CCI, including populations affected, changes beneficiaries can expect, and where and when the CCI is being implemented
- Summarizes CCI policies
- Provides advocacy tips and additional resources
Just Like Home: The Impact of the Federal HCBS Regulations on Older Adults
JUN 2015 | View: Issue Brief | Source: Justice in Aging
New federal regulations have established first-time standards for when settings qualify as “community-based” for the purposes of Medicaid-funded Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS). Each state is charged with developing a transition plan to meet these standards. These plans will have a huge impact on older adults receiving Medicaid-funded HCBS in assisted living, adult day services, and other settings.
The transition plans must confront and answer many important questions.
- What service models are eligible for payment?
- Should services in assisted living facilities be covered?
- What about adult day care programs?
- Does the size of these programs matter?
- And should programs be allowed to be “secure”, i.e., locked, if they care for persons with dementia?
Consumers and their advocates must be heard in the states’ transition planning processes. Justice in Aging’s new issue brief provides policy recommendations for consideration by states and stakeholders. The recommendations address (among other things) how to assess settings for compliance, judging whether a setting is integrated with the community, protecting consumers from eviction, and applying the regulations when consumers have dementia.
Regulatory Review of Adult Day Services: Final Report, 2014 Edition
JUN 2015 (Released) | View: DEC 2014 Report / PDF version | Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Assistance Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Office of Disability, Aging and Long-Term Care Policy
The 2014 Regulatory Review of Adult Day Services by state has been released by the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. This report updates their previous report published in 2005, and is organized into two sections:
- Section 1 provides a brief overview of states’ approaches to regulating ADS in selected areas -- the state’s general approach to regulation, inspection and monitoring; parameters for who can be served; required and optional services; provisions regarding medication; and staffing and training requirements.
- Section 2 provides a profile for each state that describes its overall approach to regulating ADS providers, selected regulatory provisions, and Medicaid and other public funder requirements (if any).
Preventing Falls: A Guide to Implementing Effective Community-Based Fall Prevention Programs
APR 2015 | View: Guide | Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This “how-to” guide is designed for community-based organizations who are interested in implementing their own evidence-based fall prevention programs. This guide is designed to be a practical and useful tool, and it provides guidelines on program planning, development, implementation, and evaluation.
In this document, CDC provides organizations with the building blocks of effective fall prevention programs by providing examples, resources, and tips. It also describes the resources needed to implement and sustain fall prevention programs, and addresses questions that are important when implementing fall prevention programs such as:
- How do we find a fall prevention program that best meets the needs of our clients?
- How can we know that this program works and will achieve the desired results?
- What resources will be needed to support it?
- What partners should we consider to help us offer the program?
- How can we support and sustain the program into the future?
This revision of the 2008 publication, Preventing Falls: How to Develop Community-based Fall Prevention Programs for Older Adults, will improve your organization’s ability to reach out to the older members of your community as well as enhance your capacity to implement and maintain effective fall prevention programs.
Californians with the Top Chronic Conditions: 11 Million and Counting
APR 2015 | View: Report / Charts | Source: California Healthcare Foundation (CHCF) / UCLA Center for Health Policy Research
Chronic conditions are the leading cause of death and disability in the US, and the biggest contributor to health care costs. But there is wide variation in their incidence, with major differences depending on age, income, race and ethnicity, and insurance status. In addition, many Californians with chronic conditions are delaying needed care because of cost.
Californians with the Top Chronic Conditions: 11 Million and Counting looks at five major chronic conditions — asthma, diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and serious psychological distress — and how each of these affects Californians.
A Right to Person-Centered Care Planning
APR 2015 | View: Report / Accompanying Webinar | Source: Justice in Aging
When people are given the opportunity to choose where, how, and by whom they receive their care; and make their own decisions about their activities of daily living, and generally direct their own lives to the greatest extent possible, they have better health outcomes, more independence, and lead more fulfilling lives. This is at the heart of a concept known as person-centered care planning. With the support of the John A. Hartford Foundation, Justice in Aging released a report on the new Person-Centered Planning rules for Medicaid Recipients in Long Term Care from Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).
The report, A Right to Person-Centered Care Planning, and an accompanying webinar, summarize the rights the new rule gives to beneficiaries as well as identifying for advocates where there are gaps in the rule and where more guidance is needed. Best practices in the states are also included to serve as models for advocates working to ensure true person-centered care planning is a reality for all.
Medicaid HCBS Settings Regulations and Adult Services
APR 2015 | View: Findings | Source: National Association of State United for Aging and Disabilities (NASUAD)
Concerned that the CMS definition for HCBS Settings places restrictive requirements on Adult Day Services settings and may reduce the number of available providers in the Medicaid program nationwide, the National Association of States United for Aging and Disabilities (NASUAD) conducted a survey. Key findings indicate the HCBS regulations may have the unintended consequence of limiting the availability of important health and social services, with the unintended consequence of individuals entering institutional settings.
Issues from the State: Advocating for Improved Consumer Protections in Managed Long-Term Services and Supports
APR 24, 2015 | View: Issue Brief | Source: Justice in Aging, with thanks to The Retirement Research Foundation and The Atlantic Philanthropies for their support in producing this paper
State Medicaid programs increasingly are moving their long-term services and supports programs to managed care. But the transition is not without its potential pitfalls for Medicaid beneficiaries and their advocates. A new issue brief spotlights the managed LTSS programs from Florida, Kansas, and New Jersey, and discusses how particular program policies may influence availability of services and the ability of consumers to access those services. The information presented will be of use to advocates from any state with a Medicaid managed care program, and will address both individual and systemic advocacy strategies.
Survey Says: Californians' Perspectives on Health Care
APR 14, 2015 | View: Survey Findings / California Health Care Almanac | Source: California Healthcare Foundation (CHCF)
Are Californians getting the care they need? This survey shows that some groups are having a more difficult time accessing care than others.
While there is recent good news in terms of expanding health coverage, too many Californians struggle to get access to health care. This is particularly true of those with the greatest need: One in two adults who report they are in fair or poor health have delayed care in the past 12 months due to cost.
Genworth 2015 Annual Cost of Care Study
APR 9, 2015 | View: Cost of Care website | Source: Genworth News Release
At Home Care Costs Increase in California
The results of Genworth's 12th annual Cost of Care Study shows that in California, the cost to receive long term care services at home with a home health aide has increased over the past five years. On a national level, the survey shows a dramatic increase in facility based care, including assisted living and nursing home facilities, while the cost to receive care at home through a home health aide is rising at a more moderate growth rate.
Thinking Outside the Box: Creative and Culturally Competent Outreach Strategies in Health Care Transitions
MAR 2015 | View: Issue Brief | Source: Justice in Aging & co-authored by Advocates for African American Elders (AAAE)
Changes to health care coverage are happening rapidly and can be confusing for advocates to understand and explain to beneficiaries.
This issue brief discusses, in general, the importance of effective outreach and education during any complex health care transition. As a real world example, it focuses on how AAAE’s culturally competent outreach model communicates changes under California’s Coordinated Care Initiative to dual eligible beneficiaries, who are being moved into managed care plans.
The brief offers insight into and instruction on how to communicate changes in a person-centered and engaging manner. It concludes with practical tips for advocates and stakeholders and should be of use to those who are preparing their own communities for complex health care transitions.
New Reports Shine Light on Long-Term Care Problems
FEB 23, 2015 | Source: California Healthline Article
California Health Insurers: Brink of Change -- A snapshot in time just ahead of ACA implementation
FEB 2015 | View: Report / Infographic | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
This report provides a snapshot of the insurance market in California at the end of 2013, just before the major provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) took effect. It also includes some initial figures from 2014 that point to large shifts in both Medi-Cal and individual coverage levels.
The Universal Assessment Tool: Improving Care for Recipients of Home- and Community-Based Services
JAN 22, 2015 | View: Report | Source: Legislative Analyst's Office (LAO)
A Shattered System: Reforming Long-Term Care in California -- Envisioning and Implementing an IDEAL Long-Term Care System in California
JAN 5, 2015 | View: Report | Source: California State Senate Select Committee on Aging and Long Term Care
Unfinished Business: Designing Appeals Procedures in the Dual-Eligible Demonstrations
DEC 2014 | View: Issue Brief | Source: Justice in Aging (was National Senior Citizens Law Center / NSCLC)
Under the Affordable Care Act, a number of states are participating in financial alignment demonstrations that combine the delivery of Medicare and Medicaid services for dual eligible beneficiaries. Even though financial alignment demonstrations are already “live” in five states with tens of thousands receiving services through demonstration plans, the appeal systems for the demonstrations in all participating states are still a work in progress, making it difficult for beneficiaries to navigate.
This tool, Unfinished Business, is an update on NSCLC’s September 2013 analysis of appeals processes in demonstrations in six states. Unfinished Business helps stakeholders focus their advocacy about appeals on areas where a consumer voice can have the most potential to affect programs, by highlighting the many areas where appeal rights and procedures have not yet been fully developed.
Ten states are participating (CA, IL, MA, MI, NY, OH, SC, TX, VA and WA), with one more, Minnesota, pursuing a similar but alternate model.
Working in Concert: A How-To Guide to Reducing Unwarranted Variations in Care
NOV 25, 2014 | View: Report | Source: California Improvement Network / California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
Patients should receive the appropriate level of care — no more and no less. But how is that sweet spot determined? This How-To Guide to Reducing Unwarranted Variations in Care, the result of the CIN's first action group, helps organizations get started.
What's In A Notice? How Notices Of Action Protect Consumers in Medicaid Managed Long-Term Services and Supports
NOV 2014 | View: Guide | Source: Justice in Aging (was National Senior Citizens Law Center / NSCLC)
As Managed Long Term Services and Supports (MLTSS) rolls out nationwide, advocates on the ground have seen due process violations in appeals and notices of action. In this tool for advocates and consumers, NSCLC focuses on notice and appeal rights in MLTSS. NSCLC provides background information on notices of action, including an explanation of what type of Managed Care Organization (MCO) behavior constitutes an action that could give rise to due process violations.
This tool also provides advocates with the specific information that must be included in each notice of action to meet due process requirements, and outlines how continuation of services and aid-paid-pending plays out in the managed LTSS context.
State Transition Plans for New Medicaid HCBS Regulations: Four Tips for Consumer Advocates
OCT 2014 | View: Four Tips | Source: Justice in Aging (was National Senior Citizens Law Center / NSCLC) & National Disability Rights Network
States now are beginning to release their transition plans to bring their Medicaid HCBS systems into compliance with the new federal regulations on community-based settings. It is essential that consumers and their representatives be prepared to evaluate those plans and advocate for improvements.
Adult Day Services: A Model of Person- and Family-Centered Care
OCT 2, 2014 | View: BLOG by Lynn Friss Feinberg | Source: AARP
A recent study found that more than a quarter million participants attend an estimated 4,800 community-based adult day service (ADS) centers in the U.S. Although most participants are older people, more than one-third of ADS participants are younger than 65. Nearly one in three ADS participants has Alzheimer’s disease or another form of dementia.
OCT 2014 | View: Report | Source: California Improvement Network / California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
It is not always easy for providers and patients to make treatment decisions jointly. A new CIN partner report details effective strategies shared by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Humboldt-Del Norte IPA, and Sharp HealthCare.
Up Close: A Field Guide to Community-Based Palliative Care in California
SEPT 2014 | View: Field Guide | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
Health systems across the US are recognizing the importance of palliative care — specialized, interdisciplinary care that attends to the physical, psychological, emotional, and spiritual needs of people with serious illnesses and their family members. While inpatient palliative care programs have proliferated, community-based programs — those that offer services at a clinic, in a patient's residence, or over the phone — are far less prevalent, and those that do exist have developed in relative isolation.
In 2013 the California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF) launched the Palliative Care Action Community to promote collaboration among organizations working to strengthen or expand their community-based palliative care (CBPC) services. Participating provider teams represented diverse types of organizations, provided services in a variety of settings, and came with varying levels of CBPC experience. Despite these differences, the teams shared common approaches and challenges in program planning, operations, and evaluation.
Data Briefs Released for 2012 National Study of Long Term Care Providers (NSLTCP)
SEPT 2014 | View: National Study of Long Term Care Providers (NSLTCP) | Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
The Long-Term Care Statistics Branch released adult day services-specific state web tables, using data from the first wave of the National Study of Long-Term Care Providers (NSLTCP) conducted in 2012. NSLTCP is a new initiative by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) to provide reliable, accurate, relevant and timely statistical information to support and inform long-term care services policy, research, and practice.
The main goals of NSLTCP are to: (1) estimate the supply and use of paid, regulated long-term care services providers; (2) estimate key policy-relevant characteristics and practices; (3) produce national and state-level estimates, where feasible; (4) compare estimates among sectors; and (5) monitor trends over time.
Can Reality Match Rhetoric? Person Centered Service Planning in Managed Long-Term Services and Supports
AUG 2014 | View: Policy Issues Brief | Source: Justice in Aging (was National Senior Citizens Law Center / NSCLC)
Person-centered planning is critical to the well-being of consumers of long-term services and supports. It works by identifying the strengths preferences, needs, and desired outcomes of the individual. In order for person-centeredness to be more than an empty slogan, it must be accompanied by substantive standards set forth in managed care organization (MCO) contract language. Some states have begun to include person-centered planning requirements in their contracts, but more work is needed before all states have a full framework.
This brief begins with a short description of service planning in the Medicaid managed care context. Next, it provides an analysis of what states are doing in their managed care contracts to ensure person-centered planning. Finally, the brief describes how the new federal home and community-based services (HCBS) rule will provide service planning protections for consumers that should be included in and built upon in MCO contracts.
Family Caregivers Providing Complex Chronic Care to People with Cognitive and Behavioral Health Conditions
AUG 19, 2014 | View: Report | Source: News Release from AARP & United Hospital Fund
The United Hospital Fund and AARP Public Policy Institute issued a report with compelling new evidence that family caregivers who provide complex chronic care to people who also have cognitive and behavioral health conditions face particularly demanding challenges, including high levels of self-reported depression. As a result, a majority of them (61 percent) reported feeling stress “sometimes to always,” between their caregiving responsibilities and trying to meet other work or family obligations.
Physician Participation in Medi-Cal: Ready for the Enrollment Boom?
AUG 5, 2014 | View: Report / InfoGraphic | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
By the end of 2015, the Affordable Care Act will add more than two million enrollees to Medi-Cal, the nation's largest state Medicaid program. This estimate has heightened concerns about whether there are enough doctors to care for them all. Californians are likely to have difficulty accessing health care through Medi-Cal unless the number of participating physicians grows or California finds other ways to deliver services. The percentage of physicians treating any Medi-Cal patients increased between 2011 and 2013 from 64% to 69%, according to a new report prepared by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco. Yet their findings suggest that Medi-Cal enrollees face significant challenges due to statewide variations in physician availability.
Here's Looking At You: How Personal Health Information is Being Tracked and Used
JUL 15, 2014 | View: Report / InfoGraphic | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
Last month, in a US Supreme Court decision barring the warrantless searches of cellphones, Chief Justice John Roberts declared that a cellphone "contains the sum of an individual's private life" and can reveal more information than the search of an entire house.
Every day, in the course of using cell phones, credit cards, search engines, websites, and an array of medical devices, we leave behind digital footprints. These data flows, which often occur without our knowledge, have the potential to paint an individual health profile, as well as describe whole communities based on location, health conditions, or other factors.
Health Care Costs 101: Slow Growth Persists
JUL 8, 2014 | View: Report / InfoGraphic and All Almanac Reports | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
Even with the slow growth in national health spending in recent years, the US continued to spend a greater percentage of its wealth on health care than any other industrialized nation, according to the latest edition of Health Care Costs 101. In 2012, the US spent an average of $8,915 per person on health care, reaching a total of $2.8 trillion. An interactive graphic shows the change in health care spending by payer from 1960 to 2012.
ACA 411: An Interactive Tool for Tracking Health Reform in California
JUN 17, 2014 | View: ACA 411 Data Tool | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
The California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF) has created an interactive data tool to keep tabs on the trends that emerge as California continues to implement the Affordable Care Act (ACA) legislation. The tool tracks health care reform's effects in three areas: insurance coverage, access to health care services, and affordability.
2014 Scorecard: California's Long-Term Services and Supports for Older Adults, People with Disabilities, and Family Caregivers
JUN 17, 2014 | View: Scorecard / Policy Brief / California's Results | Source: AARP / SCAN Foundation / The Commonwealth Fund
The 2nd State Scorecard on Long-Term Services and Supports shows California ranked 9th overall. While California ranks higher than most states, much work remains to be done to improve affordability, quality, and coordination of services within the state’s system of care to ensure that older adults and people with disabilities can access needed services to support independence and quality of life. The Scorecard is the first step in initiating a conversation about system performance, areas for opportunity, and the importance of continued system transformation in California.
Visitors to the Long-Term Services and Supports website can interact with the data by drilling into performance indicators for a single state, comparing data across states, or using a map to quickly compare overall state rankings.
Estate Recovery Under Medi-Cal
MAY 2014 | View: Issue Brief | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
Medi-Cal estate recovery refers to state action to reclaim certain Medi-Cal costs from the estates of beneficiaries after their death. This program, which has been in place for decades, has received renewed attention from policymakers because of reports that some individuals newly eligible for Medi-Cal as expanded under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) may not enroll for fear that their house and assets could later be seized. The purpose of this issue brief is to describe Medi-Cal estate recovery and to clarify who could be subject to it and under what circumstances.
2014 Alzheimer's Facts & Figures Report
MAR 19, 2014 | View: 2014 Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures | Source: Alzheimer's Association
2014 Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures is a statistical resource for U.S. data related to Alzheimer’s disease, the most common type of dementia, as well as other dementias. Background and context for interpretation of the data are contained in the Overview. This information includes definitions of the various types of dementia and a summary of current knowledge about Alzheimer’s disease. Additional sections address prevalence, mortality and morbidity, caregiving and use and costs of care and services. The Special Report discusses women and Alzheimer’s disease.
California and its Counties Under Health Reform: A Leadership Framework
MAY 2014 | View: Complete Report | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
As California moves to fully implement the Affordable Care Act, it is making major health program, policy, and fiscal changes that are transforming the way the state and its 58 counties share responsibility for the health care of nearly 40 million residents. CHCF has published a report for policymakers and stakeholders that highlights important program and policy changes and lays out a framework for evaluating their effects.
Long-Term Care in America: Expectations and Reality
MAY 19, 2014 | View: Findings | Source: AP/NORC Center for Public Affairs Research
Findings from the 2nd long-term care poll by AP-NORC have been released. These polls are being conducted in order to produce new and actionable data about the aging population to inform the national dialogue surrounding long-term care issues.
Just Like Home: An Advocate's Guide to Consumer Rights in Medicaid HCBS
MAY 2014 | View: Guide | Source: Justice in Aging (was National Senior Citizens Law Center / NSCLC)
New federal Medicaid rules, for the first time, set standards to ensure that Medicaid-funded home and community-based services (HCBS) are provided in settings that are non-institutional in nature. These standards, which took effect in March 2014, apply to residential settings, such as houses, apartments, and residential care facilities like assisted living facilities. The standards also apply to non-residential settings, such as adult day health care programs.
Monitoring Access: Measures to Ensure Medi-Cal Enrollees Get the Care They Need
MAY 2014 | View: Report | Source: California Healthcare Foundation (CHCF)
This report offers a framework and a targeted set of measures for monitoring access to ambulatory care for individuals enrolled in the Medi-Cal program. It is intended as an actionable starting point for elected leaders, state and federal program officials, and other stakeholders, to help them monitor changes in access to care over time, to identify disparities in access to care across subgroups or geographic regions, and to compare access between Medi-Cal enrollees and other insured populations in California and nationally.
In Transition: Seniors and Persons with Disabilities Reflect on Their Move to Medi-Cal Managed Care
APR 23, 2014 | View: Report | Source: California Healthcare Foundation (CHCF)
Researchers from the University of California, Berkeley, present findings from a survey of more than 1,500 SPD Medi-Cal enrollees who made the transition to Medi-Cal Managed Care. The report offers suggestions for improving transitions to managed care involving populations with complex needs, including those dually eligible for Medicare and Medicaid, and examples of actions taken by DHCS in response to the study's findings.
2014 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures
APR 2014 | View: Report | Source: Alzheimer's Association
Includes a Special Report on Women and Alzheimer’s Disease
An estimated 5.2 million Americans have Alzheimer's disease in 2014, including approximately 200,000 individuals younger than age 65 who have younger-onset Alzheimer's. By 2050, the number of people age 65 and older with Alzheimer's disease may nearly triple, from 5 million to as many as 16 million, barring the development of medical breakthroughs to prevent, slow or stop the disease.
America's Long-Term Care Crisis: Challenges in Financing and Delivery
APR 2014 | View: Report | Source: Bipartisan Policy Center (BPC)
America's Long-Term Care Crisis: BPC Launches Initiative to Find a Politically and Fiscally Viable Path Forward to Improve the Financing and Delivery of Long-Term Care
This report sets the stage for BPC’s recommendations by identifying the major challenges and key questions in the financing and delivery of LTSS for both seniors and individuals under age 65.
Genworth 2014 Cost of Care Study
MAR 25, 2014 | View: Executive Summary / Full Report | Source: Genworth
Over the past 11 years, Genworth has been able to recognize and identify trends across the long term care services landscape. The 2014 Genworth Cost of Care study looked at Homemaker Services, Home Health Aide Services, Adult Day Health Care (ADC), Assisted Living Facility (ALF) and Nursing Home Care.
Among the key findings for Adult Day Health Care (ADC): National Median Daily Rate: $65 | Increase Over 2013: 0% | Five Year Annual Growth: 3.4%*.
*Percentage increase represents the compound annual growth rate for surveys conducted from 2009 to 2014.
California's Health Care Workforce: Examining Supply and Demand
MAR 2014 | View: California Health Care Almanac | Source: California Healthcare Foundation (CHCF)
New reports feature physicians, nurses, and allied health professionals
An influx of new patients, a result of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), along with an aging population, is expected to increase demands on California's health care workforce. Will providers be ready?
Daily Stressors and Adult Day Service Use by Family Caregivers: Effects on Depressive Symptoms, Positive Mood, and Dehydroepiandrosterone-Sulfate
FEB 3, 2014 | View: Abstract by Steven H. Zarit, PhD, et al | Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
This study examines effects of daily use of adult day service (ADS) programs by caregivers of individuals with dementia (IWD) on a salivary biomarker of stress reactivity, dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEA-S), and whether these effects on DHEA-S are associated with daily variability in positive mood and depressive symptoms.
Long-Term Care: What Are The Issues?
FEB 2014 | View: Issue Brief | Source: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
The demand for long-term care services will explode as the population ages and more people live longer with chronic conditions. Who will pay for these services and how will they be delivered?
California's Uninsured: By the Numbers
DEC 19, 2013 | View: Report | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
California's Uninsured: By the Numbers provides a look at California's uninsured population before full implementation of the ACA.
Monitoring Performance: A Dashboard of Medi-Cal Managed Care
DEC 18, 2013 | View: Report | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
This first public performance dashboard of Medi-Cal managed care shows areas of strength and opportunities for improvement.
Long-Term Care Services in the United States: 2013 Overview
DEC 12, 2013 | View: Report | Source: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)
The National Center for Health Statistics released a 93-page report based on findings from the National Study of Long-Term Care Providers (NSLTCP). The study considered long-term care services provided by adult day services centers, home health agencies, hospices, nursing homes, and assisted living and similar residential care communities. The key goals of the periodic study are to:
- Estimate the supply of paid, regulated long-term care services providers
- Estimate key policy-relevant characteristics of these providers
- Estimate the number of long-term care services users
- Estimate key policy-relevant characteristics of these users
- Compare provider sectors
- Produce national and state estimates, where feasible
- Monitor trends over time
Medicaid Expansion in California: Opportunities and Challenges for Older Adults and People with Disabilities
NOV 2013 | View: Issue Brief | Source: Justice in Aging (was National Senior Citizens Law Center / NSCLC)
A new NSCLC issue brief provides an overview of new coverage options and how they impact low-income older adults and people with disabilities. The brief also explores how people receiving coverage under Medicaid expansion and exchanges will transition into Medicare coverage when they turn 65 or otherwise become eligible. While the issue brief focuses on how these issues play out in California, much of the information is relevant to advocates and policymakers in other states as well.
Health Information Technology in California: Milestones and Miles to Go
NOV 2013 | View: Report | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
This report shows interest continues to grow among Californians in using technology to support their health care needs, with 60% saying they would like online access to their health information. Similar percentages want the ability to schedule appointments online, receive appointment reminders, and email their medical professionals.
Primary Care: Proposed Solutions to the Physician Shortage Without Training More Physicians
NOV 2013 | View: Article | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
This article asserts that as demand for adult health care services surges, the number of primary care physicians entering medicine continues to decrease, with shortages predicted to reach as high as 40,000 to 52,000 over the next decade. Recruiting new physicians is a logical solution, but one that won't close the care gap anytime soon.
Quality of Care: Steps in the Right Direction
OCT 2013 | View: Report | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
This report looks at the quality of care in California on a variety of measures, including childbirth, children's health, and management of patients with common chronic conditions. It also provides data on patient safety, nursing homes, home health, and end-of-life care.
Health Care in the Two Americas: Findings from the Scorecard on State Health System Performance for Low-Income Populations, 2013
SEPT 2013 | View: Scorecard | Source: The Commonwealth Fund
Of all the challenges we face in health care, variation in system performance and disparities in health outcomes are among the most persistent and troubling. The Commonwealth Fund's new Scorecard on State Health System Performance for Low-Income Populations, 2013 sheds light on these problems and identifies opportunities for states to improve their health systems for economically disadvantaged populations.
New HIPAA Privacy Policies and Procedures Manual
SEPT 2013 | View: Regulatory Alert / Order Form | Source: CAADS
On September 23, ALL Adult Day Health Care / CBAS facilities that are subject to the HIPAA privacy and security rules must come into compliance with the “HIPAA Omnibus Rule” which implements changes required by the HITECH Act of 2009. Any facility engaging in electronic transmission of protected health information is included. Failure to have internal guidelines in place that comply with the new Rule can lead to fines and other sanctions after September 23, 2013.
A fully updated Privacy Policies and Procedures Manual, designed to be easily customizable to your center, is available from CAADS. This manual replaces the previous CAADS HIPAA Policy and Procedures Manual in its entirety.
Health Care Costs 101 -- Slow Growth: A New Trend?
SEPT 2013 | View: Report / Infographic | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
Relying on the latest data available, Health Care Costs 101, part of CHCF's California Health Care Almanac, details how much is spent on health care in the US; which services are purchased; and what proportions are financed by households, government, and business.
Long Term Care in California: Ready for Tomorrow's Seniors?
AUG 2013 | View Report / All Almanac Reports | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
The leading edge of the baby-boom generation is beginning to flood California's long term care system. And the population of residents 65 and older is projected to triple by 2060. This report describes the state's supply and use of long term care services, including Medicare and Medicaid spending on services, and quality of care. The oversight and regulation of long term care services varies by provider, resulting in limited information — especially quality data — about assisted living facilities, personal care providers, and other home- and community-based services.
*Correction: The graphic on page 49 of Long Term Care in California: Ready for Tomorrow's Seniors? mischaracterized the frequency of reviews for assisted living facilities. These facilities are subject to annual compliance reviews and investigations of serious complaints, but are not subject to annual site inspections.
Pathways to Progress in Planning for Long-Term Care
AUG 13, 2013 | View: Survey Results | Source: AP/NORC Center for Public Affairs Research, with funding by The SCAN Foundation
Langer Research Associates launched an in-depth analysis of the April 2013 AP/NORC Center for Public Affairs Research poll. Findings show that people who know where to get information on long-term care are more apt to prepare for those needs. State-by-State Profiles on Direct-Care Workforce
AUG 2013 | View: Web Tool / California's profile | Source: PHI Data Center
This unique state-by-state web tool now includes standards for home health, personal care, and nursing aides. View California's profile of Workforce Size, Employment Projections, Wages, Health Coverage, Public Assistance, Training, Legislation/Regulation, Best Practices and Resources.
A State-by-State Snapshot of Poverty Among Seniors: Findings From Analysis of the Supplemental Poverty Measure
MAY 20, 2013 | View: Issue Brief | Source: Kaiser Family Foundation
- The share of seniors living in poverty is higher in every state under the supplemental measure than under the official measure, and at least twice as high in 12 states, including California.
- The share of seniors living in poverty under the supplemental measure is especially high in some areas. Based on the supplemental measure, about one in four seniors (26%) are living in poverty in DC and roughly one in five seniors are living in poverty in six states, including California (20%).
- Nationally, nearly half of all seniors (48%) live with incomes below 200 percent of the poverty threshold under the supplemental measure, compared to 34 percent under the official measure.
- At least half of seniors have incomes below 200 percent of poverty in 10 states and DC based on the supplemental measure, including California (56%).
The Effects of Adult Day Services on Family Caregivers' Daily Stress, Affect, and Health: Outcomes From the Daily Stress and Health (DaSH) Study
MAY 20, 2013 | View: Study | Source: The Gerontologist
In this study, we examine the effects of use of adult day service (ADS) by caregivers of individuals with dementia (IWD) on daily stressors, affect, and health symptoms. Participants were interviewed for 8 consecutive days. On some days, the IWD attended an ADS program and on the other days caregivers provide most or all of the care at home.
Tracking ACA Implementation in California
APR 2013 | View: Guide | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
The California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF) has updated its guide, which details California's progress toward meeting the Affordable Care Act's (ACA) four main objectives — expanding coverage in public programs; streamlining eligibility and enrollment; protecting health insurance consumers; and creating a user-friendly marketplace for consumers to shop for private health insurance.
Long-Term Care: Perceptions, and Attitudes among Americans 40 or Older
APR 2013 | View: Poll Findings | Source: Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research
According to this new poll, Americans underestimate their chances of needing long-term care as they get older - and are taking few steps to get ready. Conducted by the Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research, funded by The SCAN Foundation, the poll examined how people 40 and over are preparing for this difficult and often pricey reality of aging.
Poll: Aging US in denial about long-term care need (AP Mobile, 4/24/2013)
Americans Seriously Unprepared for Long-Term Care, Survey Finds (PBS NEWSHOUR, 4/24/2013)
Cal MediConnect Program
APR 2013 | View: Fact Sheet | Source: The SCAN Foundation
Cal MediConnect: A Summary of the Memorandum of Understanding Between California and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services is a 13 page fact sheet issued by the SCAN Foundation. The fact sheet provides background information and summarizes key points of the MOU that formalized a federal-state partnership to implement the Dual Eligibles Integration Demonstration known as "Cal MediConnect."
California's Health Care Safety Net: A Complex Web
APR 17, 2013 | View: Report | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
The health care safety net is a complicated web of programs and providers that serve low-income Californians without private health insurance. Changes in the economy, government budgets, and health care policy can influence how the safety-net population obtains medical care. An updated report by the California HealthCare Foundation, California's Health Care Safety Net: A Complex Web, provides a snapshot of California's safety net at a critical juncture ahead of the full implementation of the federal Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2014. Stakeholders are preparing for important ACA deadlines, such as the expansion of Medi-Cal, the state's largest safety-net program, while legal and political battles wage on over the future of health care reform.
Long Term Services and Supports Program Compendium
APR 17, 2013 | View: Compendium | Source: The SCAN Foundation
The Long Term Services and Support Program Compendium, issued by The SCAN Foundation, is a compendium of federal and state agencies and departments supporting Long-Term Services and Supports Systems (LTSS).
LTC Commission Should Right Imbalance in How Medicaid Pays for LTSS
MAR 2013 | View: Brief | Source: Justice in Aging (was National Senior Citizens Law Center / NSCLC)
The HCBS Opportunity: Recommendations for the Commission on Long-Term Care
President Obama recently appointed the final members of the Commission on Long Term Care. Over the next six months the Commission must accomplish one objective: develop a plan for the establishment, implementation and financing of a comprehensive, coordinated, and high-quality system that ensures the availability of long-term services and supports (LTSS) for individuals who need LTSS.
Transitioning the SPD Population to Medi-Cal Managed Care: Examining the Experiences of Beneficiaries
MAR 28, 2013 | View: Video & Slides | Source: California HealthCare Foundation (CHCF)
The video and slides from the March 28, 2013 California HealthCare Foundation briefing, Transitioning the SPD Population to Medi-Cal Managed Care: Examining the Experiences of Beneficiaries, may be viewed on the CHCF website.
Limited English Proficient HMO Enrollees Remain Vulnerable to Communication Barriers Despite Language Assistance Regulations
FEB 20, 2013 | View: Health Policy Brief | Source: UCLA Center for Health Policy Research
The policy brief, Limited English Proficient HMO Enrollees Remain Vulnerable to Communication Barriers Despite Language Assistance Regulations, reveals that HMO enrollees with limited English proficiency, and particularly those in fair to poor health, face communication barriers despite language assistance regulations. More than 1.3 million California HMO enrollees ages 18 to 64 do not speak English well enough to communicate with medical providers and may experience reduced access to high-quality health care if they do not receive appropriate language assistance services.
California’s Proposed 2013-14 Budget: Impact on California’s Seniors and People with Disabilities
JAN 2013 | View: Fact Sheet | Source: The SCAN Foundation
On January 10, 2013, California Edmund G. Brown, Jr. released his proposed budget, outlining his spending plan for fiscal year beginning on July 1, 2013 and ending June 30, 2014. This fact, California's Proposed 2013-14 Budget: Impact on California's Seniors and People with Disabilties, looks at the initiatives and program adjustments that would impact California's seniors and people with disabilities.
2012 MetLife Mature Market Study of Long Term Care Costs
NOV 13, 2012 | View: Study Findings | Source: MetLife Mature Market Institute®
The MetLife Mature Market Institute® has released the 2012 MetLife Mature Market Study of Long Term Care Costs, its annual national survey of charges for adult day services, home care, nursing homes and assisted living. The study found that the national average daily rate for adult day services is $70, unchanged from 2011 after being $67 in 2009 and 2010. The median daily rate for adult day services rate nationally remained at $65.
Across the States 2012: Profiles of Long-Term Services and Supports
OCT 12, 2012 | View: In-Brief / Executive Summary / CA / Full Report (370 pgs) | Source: AARP Public Policy Institute
From the AARP Public Policy Institute, Across the States 2012: Profiles of Long-Term Services and Supports presents comparable state-level and national data for more than 140 indicators, drawn together from a wide variety of sources into a single reference. The full report provides a comprehensive picture of long-term services and supports in each state.
Moving “Dual Eligibles” Into Mandatory Managed Care and Capping Their Federal Funding Would Risk Significant Harm to Poor Seniors and People With Disabilities
OCT 10, 2012 | View: Report | Source: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
As policymakers seek to reduce federal budget deficits, they may face proposals to reduce spending on low-income Medicare beneficiaries who also are eligible for Medicaid (the “dual eligibles”) by 1) requiring them to receive both their Medicare- and Medicaid-covered services through a single managed care plan that would operate under a contract with their state, and 2) imposing a cap on the funding their state would receive for that purpose. Such proposals would be ill-advised at this time.
Experts agree that we should try to find ways to better coordinate care for these beneficiaries that would improve quality of care while producing savings. But, as the report Moving "Dual Eligibiles" Into Mandatory Managed Care and Capping Their Federal Funding Would Risk Significant Harm to Poor Seniors and People with Disabilities shows, we do not yet know how to do this.
Medicaid Rate-Setting Strategies to Promote Home- and Community-Based Services
MAY 2012 | View: Policy Brief | Source: Center for Health Care Strategies (CHCS)
In creating managed long-term services and supports approaches that foster home- and community-based services, states need to explore rate-setting strategies that reward health plans for promoting the use of such services. The brief, Medicaid Rate-Setting Strategies to Promote Home- and Community-Based Services, discusses strategies for structuring rates for managed long-term services and supports programs to encourage the use of home- and community-based services and details state experiences in setting rates for these programs.
A Tough Time for Physicians: 2012 Medical Practice & Attitude Report
MAY 24, 2012 | View: Survey Findings | Source: Jackson Healthcare
In A Tough Time for Physicians: 2012 Medical Practice & Attitude Report, Jackson's findings from a series of surveys conducted between May and June 2012 are summarized. Topics surveyed and included in this report:
- Current practice environment (p 5)
- Current retirement plans (p 7)
- Current access for Medicaid and Medicare patients (p 10)
- Current use of physician assistants and nurse practitioners (p 13)
- Current participation in Accountable Care Organizations or Medical Homes (p 15)
- Current attitudes on the Affordable Care Act (p 17)
The 2012-13 Budget: Integrating Care for Seniors and Persons With Disabilities
FEB 17, 2012 | View: Report | Source: Legislative Analyst's Office (LAO)
In a February 17, 2012 LAO report, The 2012-13 Budget: Integrating Care for Seniors and Persons With Disabilities, the Legislative Analyst found that it is premature to expand the Care Coordination Initiative demonstration statewide and make LTSS managed care benefits, since the demonstration has not yet been implemented—much less evaluated—and many key implementation details remain to be determined. The report recommends the Legislature reject the Governor’s proposal to expand the demonstration statewide before the results from the demonstration have been properly evaluated, but proceed instead with the four-county demonstration. Additional recommendations are made with the intent to help the state move toward a more integrated system of care delivery for SPDs.
Independence at Risk: Older Californians with Disabilities Struggle to Remain at Home as Public Supports Shrink
DEC 2011 | View: Health Policy Brief | Source: UCLA Center for Health Policy Research
Researchers spent a year following and documenting the lives of a typical group of seniors with disabilities who are enrolled in Medicare and Medi-Cal and receive in-home and community care in Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco and Santa Clara counties. The seniors depend on fragile networks of paid public programs and unpaid help to live safely and independently at home. In spite of these challenges, most display resilience and fortitude, and all share a common determination to maintain their independence at almost any cost. Read Independence at Risk: Older Californians with Disabilities Struggle to Remain at Home as Public Supports Shrink.
National Study of Long Term Care Providers
OCT 2011 | View: Study | Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)
The National Study of Long-Term Care Providers (NSLTCP) is a new integrated initiative sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The NSLTCP will replace the NCHS’ National Nursing Home Survey, National Home and Hospice Care Survey, and National Survey of Residential Care Facilities.
NCHS plans to field the residential care and adult day care components of NSLTCP in late 2012. Participants will be selected randomly from among all residential care communities and adult day services centers in the United States. The main goals of NSLTCP are to:
- Estimate the U.S. national supply of paid, regulated LTC providers (i.e., nursing home, home health care, residential care, adult day care, and hospice).
- Estimate key policy-relevant characteristics and practices of these providers.
- Estimate the use of these providers.
- Estimate key policy-relevant characteristics of these users.
- Monitor national trends in these estimates of LTC supply and use, overall and by provider type.
Medi-Cal Provider Payment Reductions in SPAs Approved by CMS
OCT 27, 2011 | View: Chart -- Medi-Cal Provider Payment Reductions | SOURCE: CA Department of Health Care Services (DHCS)
On October 27, 2011 the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services approved California’s request to reduce Medi-Cal reimbursement rates for providers of health care services. To view documents related to approval of the State Plan Amendment (SPA), visit: www.dhcs.ca.gov.
Additional details about implementation of the retroactive 5% and 10% rate reductions for ADHC providers in urban areas of the state are not yet available from the state. The 5% rate reduction is currently enjoined by federal court order, but the new 10% rate reduction was approved by the California Legislature in March 2011 to be retroactive to June 1, 2011 and, therefore, is not currently part of any litigation proceedings. Also see: OCT 27, 2011 | CAADS Industry Alert.
A Study of Patient Discharge Outcomes Resulting from California's Elimination of Adult Day Health Care on December 1, 2011CAADS Report on ADHC Patient Discharge Outcomes
OCT 2011 | View: Study Findings | Source: CAADS
CAADS surveyed ADHC providers for the purpose of analyzing overall services needed and services available for typical ADHC patients attending 4 or 5 days per week who will be involuntarily discharged from ADHC when Medi-Cal funding for the program ends December 1. The findings from A Study of Patient Discharge Outcomes Resulting from California's Elimination of Adult Day Health Care on December 1, 2011 - CAADS Report on ADHC Patient Discharge Outcomes, focus on:
- Post-ADHC Discharge Prognosis
- Multi-Disciplinary Team Recommendation for Discharge
- Patient Needs
- Services Needed / Available
- Significant Risk Factors
In compliance with HIPAA, the ADHC Involuntary Discharge Form was developed as an e-form which transmitted the data without patient identifying information.
Stressed and Strapped: Caregivers in California
SEPT 21, 2011 | View: Policy Brief | Source: UCLA Center for Health Policy Research
Family members or friends caring for aging or disabled individuals in California are under both financial and emotional strain and are likely to face even greater burdens, given recent cuts in state support for programs and services that support in-home care, according to the authors of a new policy brief, Stressed and strapped: Caregivers in California, by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.
Elimination of ADHC as a Medi-Cal Optional Benefit
JUN 2011 | View: Survey Findings | Source: CAADS
CAADS surveyed California's ADHC providers on the impact the elimination of ADHC as a Medi-Cal optional benefit would have on their center, patients and community. The survey findings focus on:
- Adult Day Health Care Providers Ability To Stay Open Without Medi-Cal Reimbursement
- Nursing Facility Placements and Access to Medi-Cal Nursing Home Beds
- Psychiatric Facility Placements and Access to Medi-Cal Psychiatric Beds
- Consequences For Patients With Developmental Disabilities
- Cost Shift to Emergency Rooms and Emergency Room Visits Over One Year
- Consequences for IHSS Caregivers and Consequences for Working Caregivers
- Availability of Alternative Services
Keeping Adults Free from Institutions (KAFI): Medicaid Options to Guide Program Design
MAY 10, 2011 | View: Report | Source: Health Management Associates (HMA)
The 2010-2011 California Legislature enacted AB 97 eliminating Adult Day Health Care as a Medi-Cal covered service. The legislature is instead proposing to transition individuals no longer eligible for ADHC services to other service options including California’s In-Home Supportive Services program, (which provides personal care and related services) or to existing home and community-based services (HCBS) waivers.
The Health of Aging Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Adults in California
MAR 2011 | View: Policy Brief | Source: UCLA Center for Health Policy Research
Members of California's aging lesbian, gay and bisexual population are more likely to suffer from certain chronic conditions, even as they wrestle with the challenges of living alone in far higher numbers than the heterosexual population, according to a new policy brief from the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.
Getting Serious About Delirium: Hospitalists amp up screening, treatment and prevention
JAN 2011 | View: Article by Bonnie Darves | Source: Today's Hospitalist
It is important for Adult Day Services providers to be able to distinguish delirium from Alzheimer's and related dementia. This article, Getting serious about delirium, covers how to prevent and treat delirium without meds and offers insights to those working in the community setting with high risk consumers.
Evaluation of the Parma D.A.Y. (Designed Around You) Program
JAN 2010 | View: Report | Source: Case Western Reserve University
Facilitating the safe transition of persons from the acute care hospital to home is a priority issue, given the frequency with which individuals are readmitted and/or visit the emergency department within 30 days of discharge. Many of these individuals require rehabilitation services, but reimbursement policy currently limits available options for continuing care. Furthermore, families may need more comprehensive education about health care needs of their family member, and home environments may need to be modified to ensure safety once the person returns home. One strategy for meeting these needs of patients and family members is an expanded adult day services program.
A New Nursing Home Population: The Young
DEC 9, 2010 | View: Investigative Report | Source: National Public Radio (NPR)
There's one age group that's going into nursing homes at a higher rate. And it's not the elderly. Young people ages 31 to 64 now make up 14 percent of the nursing home population, an analysis of federal data from the Department of Health and Human Services by NPR's Investigative Unit found. That's up from 10 percent just 10 years ago.
Projected Economic Impact of Eliminating California's Medi-Cal Adult Day Health Care Program
MAY 18, 2010 | View: Report | Source: The Lewin Group
Our analysis indicates that the savings associated with eliminating this program would be more than offset by cost-shifting to other services and reductions to State revenue resulting from the program elimination. In total, we estimate the State would lose $51 million in 2010-11 over and above the estimated savings that would come from eliminating the program (excluding the loss of federal matching funds). Annual losses to the State are projected to increase to $72 million in 2020-21, $198 million in 2030-31 and over $412 million in 2040-41.
Budget Proposals Turn Back Clock 30 Years in Long-Term Care Services for California Seniors
FEB 2010 | View: Policy Note | Source: UCLA Center for Health Policy Research
The 2010-2011 California budget proposal released in January by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger’s office proposes deep cuts in community-based services available to low-income seniors and low-income Californians of all ages with disabilities. The cuts will make it much more difficult for many older adults to continue to live safely in their own homes, create hardships for their families, lead to a loss of jobs and health insurance by direct service providers, and close many adult day care centers. Increased use of emergency rooms, hospital in-patient care and nursing facilities by affected older adults are likely to erode the financial savings of the reductions.
California Budget Cuts Fray the Long-Term Care Safety Net
OCT 2009 | View: Policy Brief | Source: UCLA Center for Health Policy Research
The deep budget cuts enacted by California’s legislature in the summer of 2009 will be felt especially among the elderly and infirm. Disabled older adults with low incomes will find it harder to access services and, ultimately, harder to live safely at home.
Adult Day Services: A Key Community Service for Older Adults
JUL 2006 | View: Report | Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
Adult day health services are part of the continuum of both health and long-term care services. In the states we visited, ADS providers are furnishing preventive care, health monitoring, and skilled nursing services to individuals with chronic illnesses and physical and cognitive impairments. Some providers are also serving adults under age 65, depending on regulatory requirements and the funding streams for this population.
Health of Older Californians: County Data Book
OCT 2003 | View: County Data Book | Source: UCLA Center for Health Policy Research
Data from the 2001 California Health Interview Survey and 2000 U.S. Census
This data book provides important information about the health behaviors, health status, and the use of health services by Older Californians. The first section contains a narrative summary about the health of the older people in California. The second section has maps that show the distribution of the older population along several of the basic demographic characteristics used in this report, including race/ethnicity, low-income, and limited-English proficiency. The third section provides a series of two-page tables with the rates of selected health behaviors, the health status, and the use of health services of older Californians. Each geographic area has columns with information for elders of different races and ethnicities, older women, older people with low-incomes, older people with limited-English abilities, and for Medi-Cal recipients age 65 and over. This section ends with a summry table that makes comparisons between counties easier for the total county populations of older adults. The fourth section has demographic data for the state, substate regions, and each of the 58 counties. The fifth section contains technical appendices and acknowledgments.
California Association for Adult Day Services
1107 9th Street, Suite 701 || Sacramento, California 95814-3610
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